Bemo, The Legend of Transportation Indonesia
Bemo is the abbreviation of "motor tricycles" and is a three-wheeled motor vehicle that is normally used as public transportation in Indonesia. Bemo began to be used in Indonesia in early 1962, first in Jakarta in connection with Ganefo.
Later bemo presence is intended to replace the pedicab. But this plan did not succeed because of the presence bemo not supported by a mature plan. Bemo is not only present in Jakarta, but also in other cities like in Bogor, Bandung, Surabaya, Malang, Padang, Denpasar, etc.. because these vehicles are very practical and capable of reaching the streets are narrow, and can go much faster than tricycles.
Bemo initially operate like a taxi, it was later restricted areas of operations in certain routes only, and finally removed to thin routes that had been left untouched by city bus. In Jakarta, began bemo removed in 1971, followed by Surabaya and Malang in the same year. In 1979, the Regional Government of Surakarta take similar steps.
In their home country, Japan, supposedly bemo not intended to be used as human transport, but as transportation of goods. Consequently, when paired seats, the room available was actually very narrow. Moreover bemo usually used to transport at least eight passengers, six in the rear, two in front, including the driver. Because it's passengers in the back of the knee often have to compete, sitting overcrowding. But consequently, bemo ride can cause its own memories, especially for those who met her match in bemo.
When the factory in Japan, where the origin bemo, no longer produce spare parts, bemo in Indonesia are still able to survive because there are many workshops that can make parts of this tiruannya.Saat bemo already eliminated many of the city transportation program because it is already too old, unsafe again and the smoke causes pollution. But in many places bemo still able to survive and difficult abolished.
The Original Bemo Japan
Daihatsu Midget is a three-wheeled vehicles (one in front, two in back) that had produced the Japanese automaker Daihatsu. These vehicles are small so it was named "Midget" (dwarf). In Indonesia, Daihatsu Daihatsu Midget is the first production vehicles coming into the domestic automotive market.
In urban Indonesia, Daihatsu Midget generally more familiar with it as "Bemo". Daihatsu used to be popular as a manufacturer of small three-wheeled truck. After the Toyota issue a four-wheeled truck in 1954 (later popular as Toyoace), the demand for three-wheeled truck Daihatsu continued to decline. Daihatsu then develop three-wheeled vehicle which time it may be driven by holders of driver's license compact car in Japan. The result is a Daihatsu Midget is introduced to the market in 1957. Viewers liked the ad Daihatsu Midget was on Japanese television comedy starring actor Kon Omura and Midget hard sell.
DK model went on sale August 1, 1957. Steering handlebar shaped like a motorcycle. The driver and the cargo space has a roof of canvas.
The driver no door.
Overall length: 2540 mm,
Overall width: 1,200 mm,
Overall height: 1,500 mm.
Passengers maximum 1 person. Machine type ZA, two step, fan-cooled system, the cylinder capacity of 250 cc, gasoline fuel. The maximum power of 10 horsepower. The maximum speed of 65 km / h (the specifications of the catalog). Maximum payload 300 kg, empty weight 350 kg. Variation model based on the model DK: DKA (early models), DKII, DSV (the back of the box is made), DSAP (capacity of 2 seats).
1960 - Toyota introduced the MP4 type coupled with an overall length of 20 cm that can haul more cargo.
1961 - Midget began production in Pakistan with a production system apart pairs.
1963 - Toyota introduced the MP5 with the type of cargo space that extended 10 cm, and a maximum of 350 kg payload. This type is no longer using mixed gasoline, but gasoline and oil are separated.
1972 - Midget Production was stopped with a total cumulative production of 336,534 units, and half of that number were sold in Southeast Asia.
1996-2001 - Daihatsu manufactures compact four-wheel car called the Daihatsu Midget II.